The steps taken by a pedophile to become friends with and form an emotional bond with a child in order to reduce the child's defenses and get them ready for rape or sexual abuse. Online pedophiles may strike up chats with potential victims in an effort to learn more about their whereabouts, hobbies, and sexual history.

Online Impersonation:

When someone uses your personal information — your electronic signature, your password, or anything that’s identifiably yours — without your consent, that’s online impersonation. If someone is posing as you online, start by sending out a warning to all your contacts. You can block and report the fake profile to the platform in question, and if you choose to, you can file a complaint on the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal.

Body shaming:

Making unsolicited and derogatory comments about someone’s appearance, body shape, size, or health is body shaming. This includes language that can be deemed fat-phobic, ableist, racist, colourist, homophobic, or transphobic.


When someone tries to manipulate you and make you question your own judgment, know that you are being gaslighted.

Parental controls:

The term "parental controls" refers to a set of options that let you decide what information your child can view. These, together with privacy settings, can assist you in shielding your kids from internet content they shouldn't view or encounter.


A catchall phrase for a piece of software that snoops on your behavior. Software businesses have been known to utilize spyware to obtain client data, even though it can occasionally be dangerous, like a remote-control program used by a hacker.


If someone has broken ties with you, but still continues to check up on you through your social media or makes comments on networking sites, then it’s a case of orbiting.

Emotional abuse:

There are always going to be people who try to exploit, control, or influence others online. This manipulation is emotional abuse.

Concern Trolling:

It's feigning concern while actually employing bogus support to criticize or undermine. For instance, a harasser may pose as concerned for someone's health while in fact fat-shaming them.


Flaming is the act of disparaging someone online by making derogatory comments about them, frequently in an aggressive manner. Character assassination, posting false information, insulting others, and other aggressive behaviour fall under this category.

Outing or leaking personal videos:

Leaking intimate videos of another person, known as ‘outing’, is punishable by Indian law. You can report this act on the platform in question, document the entire incident or incidents, and seek legal recourse if you’d like.


Griefing is the act of a player purposefully upsetting and harassing other players in an online game.


The act of completely cutting off contact with friends or a romantic interest without any prior notice is known as "ghosting." The majority of the time, you'll observe them avoiding social media, phone calls from friends, and avoiding them in public.