National Laws & Acts

India is the home to one of the largest populations in the world. This poses a huge challenge for the country to provide for a legal protection system for its citizens and their interests. Right from conceptualization of its constitution, Indian law makers have been at the task of formulating laws and acts to protect the interests of its citizens and building a safe and prosperous nation. Here we present an outline of the main legal protection system and the solutions it has to offer on the issues of its women, children and their families. A comprehensive list of all the acts and laws has been given below

Women-Related Legislations

  1. The Indian Penal Code,1860
  2. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872
  3. The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 (15 of 1872)
  4. The Married Women’s Property Act, 1874 (3 of 1874)
  5. The Guardians and Wards Act,1890
  6. The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
  7. The Trade Unions Act 1926
  8. The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 (19 of 1929)
  9. The Payments of Wages Act, 1936
  10. The Payments of Wages (Procedure) Act, 1937
  11. The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937
  12. Employers Liabilities Act 1938
  13. The Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  14. The Employees’ State Insurance Act,1948
  15. The Factories Act, 1948
  16. The Minimum Wages Act, 1950
  17. The Plantation Labour Act, 1951 (amended by Acts Nos. 42 of 1953, 34 of 1960, 53 of1961, 58 of 1981and 61 of 1986)
  18. The Cinematograph Act, 1952
  19. The Mines Act 1952
  20. The Special Marriage Act, 1954
  21. The Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955
  22. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (28 of 1989)
  23. Marriage Amendment Bill - 2013
  24. The Hindu Adoptions & Maintenance Act, 1956
  25. The Hindu Minority & Guardianship Act, 1956
  26. The Hindu Succession Act, 1956
  27. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (53 of 1961)
  28. The Beedi & Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966
  29. The Foreign Marriage Act, 1969 (33 of 1969)
  30. The Indian Divorce Act, 1969 (4 of 1969)
  31. The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970
  32. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 (34 of 1971)
  33. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
  34. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976
  35. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1979
  36. The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979
  37. The Family Courts Act, 1984
  38. The Muslim women Protection of Rights on Dowry Act 1986
  39. Mental Health Act, 1987
  40. National Commission for Women Act, 1990(20 of 1990)
  41. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 [As amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006–No. 43 of 2006]
  42. Juvenile Justice Act, 2000
  43. The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act
  44. The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of misuse) Act 1994
  45. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956
  46. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (28 of 1961) (Amended in 1986)
  47. The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986
  48. The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987 (3 of 1988)
  49. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005

Women in Development and Women’s Health

  1. Maternity Benefits Act, 1961 [Read online]
  2. Medical Termination Pregnancy Act, 1971 [Read online]
  3. Equal Renumeraction Act, 1976 [Read online]
  4. Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act of 1986 [Read online]
  5. Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987 [Read online]
  6. National Policy for the Empowerment of Women, 2001 [Read online]

Family Laws: Dowry Prohibition, Marriage, Divorce and more

  1. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 [Read online]
  2. Anand Marriage Act, 1909 [Read online]
  3. Arya Marriage Validation Act, 1937 [Read online]
  4. Matrimonial Causes (War Marriages) Act, 1948 [Read online]
  5. Special Marriage Act, 1954 [Read online]
  6. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 [Read online]
  7. Foreign Marriage Act, 1969 [Read online]
  8. Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 [Read online]
  9. Divorce Act, 1869 [Read online]
  10. Indian and Colonial Divorce Jurisdiction Act, 1940 [Read online]
  11. Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939 [Read online]
  12. Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 [Read online]
  13. Hindu Succession Act, 1956 [Read online]
  14. Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 [Read online]
  15. Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956 [Read online]
  16. Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956 [Read online]

Child Protection and Development

  1. Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 [Read online]
  2. Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Rules, 2012 [Read online]
  3. Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1976 [Read online]
  4. Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 [Read online]
  5. Commission for Protection of Child Rights Rules, 2006 [Read online]
  6. Commission for Protection of Child Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006 [Read online]
  7. Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2006 [Read online]
  8. Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 [Read online]
  9. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006 [Read online]
  10. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Rules, 2007 [Read online]

Criminal Law Ordinance 2013

  1. Sexual Harassment as defined under the Criminal Law Ordinance 2013 [Download PDF]

Protection of Women Against Domestic Violence Act and Related Laws

  1. Section 498a, Indian Penal Code [Read online]
  2. PWDV Act, 2005 [Download PDF]
  3. PWDV Act Rules, 2006 [Download PDF]
  4. Related PWDV Act Forms
    1. Form 1 [Download PDF]
    2. Form 2 [Download PDF]
    3. Form 3 [Download PDF]
    4. Form 4 [Download PDF]
    5. Form 5 [Download PDF]
    6. Form 6 [Download PDF]
    7. Form 7 [Download PDF]

Police : Standard operating procedures & circulars

  1. RCIC and Standard Operating Procedure - Delhi [Download PDF]
  2. DNA Profiling in Sexual Assault Case Mandatory [Download PDF]
  3. Instructions with respect to victims of sexual offences/rape etc [Download PDF]
  4. Listing of Bail to be Communicated to Complainant [Download PDF]
  5. Sexual Harassment at work place [Download PDF]
  6. Report to mention if approval of DCP over bail was sought [Download PDF]
  7. No PV/Finger Text for Sexual Assault Cases [Download PDF]
  8. Opposing bail of Rape accused in Courts by lawyers of the Delhi Commission for Women [Download PDF]

Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013

The Bill lays down the definition of sexual harassment and seeks to provide a mechanism for redressing complaints. It provides for the constitution of an 'Internal Complaints Committee' at the work place and a 'Local Complaints Committee' at the district and block levels. A District Officer (District Collector or Deputy Collector), shall be responsible for facilitating and monitoring the activities under the Act.

  1. Complete Analysis
  2. Download The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

The POCSO Act, 2012

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Bill, 2011 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on March 23, 2011. The Bill was referred to the Standing Committee on Human Resource Development (Chairperson: Shri Oscar Fernandes), which is scheduled to submit its report by June 15, 2011. The Bill seeks to protect children from offences such as sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography. India is a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child since 1992. The parties to the Convention are required to take measures to prevent children from being coerced into any unlawful sexual activity.

  1. Download The POCSO Act, 2012 - Hindi
  2. Download The POCSO Act, 2012 - English

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